Bubbles and blocks

Retrospective images of the last four campaigns of underwater excavations on the submerged remains of Olbia de Provence

L.Damelet, CNRS, Aix Marseille Univ - CCJ

Retrospective in images of the last four campaigns of underwater excavations on the submerged remains of Olbia de Provence Exhibition realized by the Centre Camille-Jullian and the University Aix-Marseille (AMU) Exhibition of photographs along the tour route visible until November 5

About the venue

Route de l'Almanarre 83400 Hyères
  • Site archéologique
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  • Villes et Pays d'art et d'histoire
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  • Monument historique

" THE SITE OF OLBIA, AN UNIQUE(ONLY) SITE IN FRANCE! A GREEK WITNESS(BATON) Located on a light headland by the sea, Olbia is the unique(only) witness(baton), kept(preserved) in his/her entire plan, of a network of Greek colonies(summer camps)-fortresses, based(established) by Marseilles from the IVth century s. av(avenue). J.-C. Citizens of Marseilles, the first Olbiens was soldiers-colonists, fishermen, farmers and had as main mission to reassure(secure) maritime business(trade). Vestiges brought to light allow to the visitors to include the urban evolution of an ancient city over 1000 years. Fortifications, streets done up with sewers and pavements, collective well, islands of houses divided into houses, shops, thermal baths, sanctuaries are found there, etc. LIFE IN OLBIA Its geometric plan allowed an egalitarian distribution between families while answering military requirements of the small fortress: a thick square rampart, flanked(thrown) by tours(towers,ballots), sheltered four identical districts, delimited by two perpendicular ways. The unique(only) door of the city opened probably close to a port(bearing) of lagoon, today sanded up. IN The ROMAN TIME In 49 av(avenues). J.-C., during the grip(taking) of Marseilles by the troops of Caesar(César), Olbia passes under the control of the Roman administration. The economic activity of Olbia falls over towards a centre of services(departments) and of welcome(reception) with the opening of therapeutic baths fed by the source(spring) of San Salvadour. IN THE MIDDLE AGES On the ruins of the ancient city, abandoned(given up) at the beginning of the VIIth century, the abbey Saint-Peter of Almanarre, built in 1221, is occupied by moniales cisterciennes till the beginning of the XVth century".