"The Tour(Ballot) of bridges(decks)", patrimonial visit of the village of Aulon

Stroll in the village in the discovery of the built and cultural heritage decorated with stories

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  • Gratuit
  • Sans inscription

Ballade (1,2 km) in the village in the discovery of built and cultural heritage with which they associate the different periods of history(story) (rich religious history(story), medieval history(story), history(story) of the family of the d' Aulon, the history(story) of oil epic poem with the exploitation(operation) of the gas of Saint-Marcet, etc) which forged the soul of this old village commingeois and in former days main city of one of the enclaves of Nebouzan. Religious history(story): of the priory Benedictine dependent on the abbey of Pessan in the Gers, he stays only the church Notre-Dame (today term: Christmas of the Virgin(Virgo)) confided(entrusted) to the monks from the XIth century. The conventual buildings(ships) all have missing leaving visible(apparent) this massive building of primitive(initial) Romanic style with flat bedhead in which is inserted a geminated window and an oculus authentically of the XIth century. The church is listed(classified) IMHS since 1926. A beautiful octagonal bell tower-tour(-ballot) of style of Toulouse of the XIVth century rests(bases) on four central pillars of the nave. The church and especially the priory will become obsolete from 1473 from the monks. The inside of the church (forum(stand), stone pulpit of Séglan, openings and stained-glass windows, chorus(choir)) has complétement altered from 1850 during different missions preached by fathers Capuchin friars. Medieval history(story): the history(story) of the medieval castle and of the family of the d' Aulon is extremely bound(connected) to the history(story) of the priory and of the church Notre-Dame. The castle (more a manor than a castle - forts) sheltered templars in the XIIIth century who(which) played an important role in litigations between the Kingdom of France and the Kingdom of Aragon for the Val d' Aran. The castle should be abandoned(given up) from 1312 and a branch of the d' Aulon will join the family of Armagnac every close relation. It is of this family branch that will go out Jehan d' Aulon, the faithful servant of Charles VII but especially faithful treasurer of Jeanne d'Arc until he{she} dies on the stake. He(It) stays only the vestiges of the donjon today of this castle on which is affixed a badge in homage to Jehan d' Aulon. Next period was much more tumultuous for the village with a different unification about every 50 years to the liking of alliances(wedding rings) and of marriages. The village was the same main city of one of the 5 enclaves of Nebouzan in the XIIIth century and thereby belonged to Gaston Phoebus (family of Foix-Bearn). Oil Epopée in Comminges with the exploitation(operation) of the gas of Saint-Marcet: day before(watch) of the 2nd world war, on geologists' bare brilliant intuition and strong political will, July 14th, 1939 of the 1st French gas field on the territories of Latoue, Saint-Marcet and Aulon. In spite of the going to war one decides on him(it) to put in exploitation(operation) this gas field which will produce till the end of 1990s. This discovery goes deeply changed the life of people of this very rural territory. "Farmers are going to become of tankers(oil men)". Alsatian will come train(form) teams. Many(A lot) young people avoiding(fleeing) STO and the Spanish Republicans avoiding(fleeing) Francoism will supply the workforce. A company(society) will be create "RAP" (Autonomous State control over Oils) to exploit(run) and to manage this discovery. A small village of tankers(oil men) will go out of any room(part,play) to the place - said of Pinat, a small refinery will be built for the gas treatment in Peyrouzet (today former industrial site). The development of this gas field is going to be emergence and creation of many companies which will be later found worldwide. RAP after its moving on Boussens will become ELF, ELF-Aquitaine and will be acquired(bought back) by TOTAL in 2000s. From RAP, they will create SNPA (Oils of Aquitaine) who will allow the exploitation(operation) of the gas field of Lacq; Boussens will become the logistic base(basis) of the development of the Saharan oil. We will not either forget to pass in front of(come before) a stele in Mengué which memorialises the death June 8th, 1945 of 4 resistance fighters of RAP killed by German and we will also have a thought as the first director of RAP, Pierre Angot, died in deportation in Buchenwald to have refused to collaborate with the enemy. This oil epic poem was a bit forgotten today, Eté 2016 goes shortly () to make the object of an exhibition(exposure) to Aulon. In the centre of the village, is a fountain of the XVIth century associated with a wash house of the XIXth century. In 1842 the fountain was decorated by a sculptor of the region fervent napoleonic admirer. The famous picture(board) the popular imaging of this period and redraws the nostalgia for the sculptor in the beautiful stone of Séglan. A bow(arc) in round arch is sculpted of 10 exotic animals, a grenadier and the emperor Napoleon stands guard in an entablature which surmounts(overcomes) the fountain in which is inserted in a niche the bust of a beautiful woman like Marianne. There are some facades of notables' old(former) houses dating the XIXth century very interesting to be commented. Two old(former) mills restored on stay as well three as counted the village in the XVIIth century. [STOP_TRANSLATION]N'oublions pas le petit hameau de Mengué , situé à 4 km d'Aulon , avec son église et sa source "miraculeuse" de Saint Antoine l'Ermite . Saint Antoine l'Ermite après plusieurs siècles est toujours vénéré le 17 Janvier de chaque année . Deux anciens moulins du XVIIe siècle restaurés sont situés sur la Louge . Sur les coteaux , voir le quartier de Lucet et de Layrisse avec des traces de présence romaine , puis motte féodale ? , avec une église Saint Lizier aujourd'hui disparu et où finalement bien peu de traces historiques résident .

Source: Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication

About the venue

Le village 31420 Aulon, Haute-Garonne, Occitanie
  • Édifice religieux

Petit village commingeois situé sur la D8 de Saint-Gaudens à Aurignac dans la partie Nord du Piémont pyrénéen .

Access: Venant de Toulouse par l'A62 , sortir à Boussens puis direction Aurignac , venant de Tarbes prendre direction d'Aurignac à Saint-Gaudens

Village , Aulon